2023년 대한민국 온라인카지노 순위 정보
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Think about two prisoners, each positioned in solitary confinement. The police supply a deal: if every betrays the opposite, they’ll each get 5 years in jail. If one betrays the opposite however the different retains quiet, the betrayer will stroll free and the betrayed will serve ten years. If neither say something, they’ll each be locked up, however just for two years. Unable coordinate, each prisoners will possible betray one another so as to safe the very best particular person consequence, even though it will be higher on the entire for each to maintain their mouths shut. That is the “prisoner’s dilemma,” a thought experiment much-cited in recreation concept and economics because the center of the 20 th century.
Although the scenario the prisoner’s dilemma describes might sound fairly particular, its common type truly conforms to that of a wide range of issues that come up all through the fashionable world, in politics, commerce, interpersonal relations, and an incredible many others in addition to.
Blogger Scott Alexander describes the prisoner’s dilemmas as one manifestation of what Allen Ginsberg called Moloch, the relentless unseen power that drives societies towards distress. Moloch “at all times and in all places provides the identical deal: throw what you’re keen on most into the flames, and I can grant you energy.” Or, as he’d put it to Chewy the gingerbread man, “Betray your pal Crispy, and I’ll make a fox eat solely three of your limbs.”
Such is the scenario animated in gloriously woolly stop-motion by Ivana Bošnjak and Thomas Johnson within the TED-Ed video at the top of the post, which replaces the prisoners with “sentient baked items,” the jailer with a hungry woodland predator, and years of imprisonment with bitten-off legs and arms. After explaining the prisoner’s dilemma in a whimsical method, it presents one proposed resolution: the “infinite prisoner’s dilemma,” by which the members resolve not simply as soon as however over and over. Such a setup would enable them to “use their future choices as bargaining chips for the current one,” and finally (relying upon how closely they worth future outcomes within the current) to settle upon repeating the result that will let each of them stroll free — as free as they’ll stroll on one gingerbread leg, at any price.
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Based mostly in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and tradition. His initiatives embody the Substack e-newsletter Books on Cities, the ebook The Stateless Metropolis: a Stroll by Twenty first-Century Los Angeles and the video sequence The City in Cinema. Observe him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.