By Marko Vene
Combining expertise and content material is frequent observe in e-learning. It is a nice method for offering info on-line, however there may be much more to studying.
The success lies within the third element – studying design.
However what does it actually imply and find out how to implement the rules of studying design?
The fundamentals of studying
The learner, and the aim of the educational, greater than the rest, ought to decide the educational design. So all of it begins from the understanding who’re learners. Some nonetheless see them as empty canisters to be full of content material. Studying professionals see them from a barely completely different angle. Malcolm Knowles, who is taken into account the daddy of grownup studying idea, has made the 6 assumptions:
Have to know: Adults must know the explanation for studying one thing.
Basis: Expertise gives the premise for studying actions.
Self-concept: Adults should be accountable for their selections on schooling; involvement within the planning and analysis of their instruction.
Readiness: Adults are most occupied with studying topics having instant relevance to their work and/or private lives.
Orientation: Grownup studying is problem-centered fairly than content-oriented.
Motivation: Adults reply higher to inside versus exterior motivators.
Okay. We all know who’re learners, however how they be taught?
Let’s take a look at what studying isn’t about and what it truly is
Studying is not a course of for transferring data from A to B, like the standard sender–receiver mannequin for communication.
Studying is an lively, particular person course of via which the particular person is modified, going down via lived experiences (Jarvis).
What’s the drawback with first understanding so many people appear to share? It’s not sufficient merely to assign or automate info to be able to obtain studying. One way or the other there may be an assumption that if we simply expose learners to content material, studying will occur. It received’t. Data and skill to recollect this info is simply the premise of studying.
We have to perceive that studying is an lively course of the place expertise has a central half. And if we discuss expertise, we’ve to recollect one factor: learners are related to their expertise via the reflection of that have, and studying takes place via reflection.
That is half one of a three-part article. Read the second part here and the hird part here.
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